Treatments to begin using the world’s first spot scanning proton beam therapy system equipped with Real-time Tumor-tracking capability
Sapporo, Japan, October 23, 2014 --- Hokkaido University and Hitachi, Ltd. (TSE:6501) today announced that the approval under Japan’s Pharmaceutical Affairs Law has been granted to Hitachi for the manufacture and sales of the PROBEAT-RT, a proton beam therapy treatment system combining spot scanning irradiation and Real-time Tumor-tracking Radiation Therapy. Hokkaido University and Hitachi had been jointly developing this system after the project was awarded a grant in 2010 under the Funding Program for World-Leading Innovative R&D on Science and Technology (the “FIRST Program”), a national project sponsored by the Japanese government.
Treatments using this new method are scheduled to begin within fiscal year 2014 at Hokkaido University. The approval for the manufacture and sales of this system is the first of its type in the world and marks the start of irradiation treatments by a single system utilizing both Real-time Tumor-tracking and spot scanning irradiation.
Proton beam therapy (PBT) is an advanced type of cancer radiotherapy. Protons, the atomic nuclei of hydrogen, are accelerated to high speed and their energy is concentrated onto tumors. The superb characteristics of proton beams allow patients to maintain their normal lifestyles during treatment as it is painless and impact to the body’s normal functions are minimized. PBT has thus been expected as a cutting-edge therapy for treating cancer whilst maintaining patients' quality of life (QOL). As these characteristics enable precise dose concentration, PBT can be easily applied to stationary targets such as brain tumors. Treatment however, of tumors in the torso such as those in the lung or liver which move due to respiration, require special care - and thus the combination of PBT with real-time tracking to target moving tumors has been highly anticipated.
The PROBEAT-RT Proton Beam Therapy System brings together Real-time Tumor-tracking technique developed by Hokkaido University with Hitachi’s Spot Scanning Technology. After spot scanning irradiation was approved under Japan’s Pharmaceutical Law in March 2014, Real-time Tumor-tracking was incorporated into the PROBEAT-RT system enabling the precise irradiation of targets in motion – for example, due to respiration, achieving high dose delivery while significantly minimizing exposure to normal tissue and organs.
The FIRST Program is a major research support structure established as part of a Japanese government initiative to promote science and technology. At a meeting of the Council for Science and Technology Policy in March 2010, out of a total of 565 applications from across Japan, 30 "Core Researchers and Projects" were awarded grants based on their notable potential in the advancement of Japanese science and technology. Hokkaido University's "Advanced Radiation Therapy Project Real-time Tumor-tracking with Molecular Imaging Technique" project was awarded a FIRST grant following an application by Professor Hiroki Shirato of the Department of Radiation Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine*. This was the only application accepted in the field of radiation therapy. The proposed system has gained worldwide attention as a potential driving force behind the advancement of radiation treatment and cancer therapy.
The goal of the “Advanced Radiation Therapy Project Real-time Tumor-tracking with Molecular Imaging Technique” is to develop a treatment system that can dramatically reduce the irradiation of normal tissue, in a compact, low-cost system that demonstrates international competitiveness. This goal is achieved by combining the Real-time Tumor-tracking Radiation Therapy developed by Hokkaido University through X-ray therapy with Hitachi’s Spot Scanning proton beam irradiation technology, which was delivered for the first time ever to a general hospital. In this way, Hokkaido University and Hitachi will offer a proton beam therapy system that can accurately irradiate a tumor that moves due to respiration, for example in the lung or liver.
The PROBEAT-RT Proton Beam Therapy System is a compact, low-cost proton beam cancer treatment system developed jointly by Hokkaido University and Hitachi. By merging Hitachi’s technologies with the expertise that Hokkaido University has developed through radiation treatment, and by using only spot scanning irradiation as the irradiation method, it became possible to reduce the size of the gantry, the irradiation nozzle, and the accelerator. Hokkaido University began treatments using the compact system from March, 2014. Approval of this system allows us not only to bring to market a compact, proton beam therapy system with spot scanning, but one enhanced with Real-time Tumor-tracking. This additional, high precision capability can treat patients with tumors in motion due to respiration and thus achieves the goal stated in the “Advanced Radiation Therapy Project Real-time Tumor-tracking with Molecular Imaging Technique.”
Hokkaido University and Hitachi will combine their respective outstanding technologies, knowledge and experience in the medical and engineering fields, to contribute to cutting-edge radiation therapy and cancer treatments that maintain excellent QOL for patients through the development of this Proton Beam Therapy System.
* In parallel with development of the proton beam cancer treatment system, a component of the " Advanced Radiation Therapy Project Real-time Tumor-tracking with Molecular Imaging Technique," Kyoto University Professor Masahiro Hiraoka, who collaborated in the proposal for this national project, developed a tracking-image X-ray therapy system that tracks and irradiates tumors, as part of his activities in the X-ray therapy field.